Saturday, May 23, 2020

The Aging Population On The Delivery Of Healthcare

â€Å"Baby-boomers† is a term that most healthcare professionals and students are quite familiar with. The term often relates to health care because many of the individuals in this group are beginning to seek care because of long term illnesses associated with aging. Therefore, it is vital for healthcare professionals to understand the significance of the term â€Å"baby-boomers†. In fact, by the year 2030, one in five people will be over the age of 65 and in 2050, that number will be close to 90 million older adults, which is two times the number compared to 2010 (CDC, 2013). The aging population in America is just one of the nine forces that influence health care and nursing management. This paper will summarize the influence of the aging†¦show more content†¦Thus, the complexity of caring for older adults requires immense interdisciplinary collaboration. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (2013), older adults are at risk for adverse occurrences when they see multiple providers because they are likely to hear inconsistent medical advice, acquire adverse medication reactions, undergo repeated or similar tests, and receive unnecessary hospital stays (p.6). When an older adult enters a healthcare facility, there are many factors that need to be addressed that may not be as prevalent in a younger population of people; some of these factors include a history of falls, hearing or vision difficulties, and other comorbidities. Although, these conditions may be prevalent in younger adults, they are specifically common in this age group due to the normal process of aging. Many hospitals have implemented several precautions to help protect the aging population and prevent adverse events from occurring. For example, to prevent falls, there has been an increase in the use of physical therapy, safety socks, and performing medications reviews (Blalock, Gildner, Jones, Bowling, Casteel, 2016). Other precautions may include the use of colored fall precaution wrist bands and information on electronic charting systems to easily identify those patients who are at risk. Nursing Managements Implications According to Kelly Tazbir (2014), there are two nursing implications when caring for aging adults with chronicShow MoreRelatedDisease Trends and the Delivery of Health Care Services Essay1457 Words   |  6 PagesDisease Trends and the Delivery of Health Care Services Final Project Axia college 1/15/2012 Many health care professional have great concerns about the growth of the aging population, chronic disease and the epidemic of obesity, and how will the United States healthcare system prepared for this continuing epidemic. The fact that the aging population along with obesity epidemic is a global healthcare concern, many health cares’ professional is baffled about how to address the growing epidemicRead MoreAging Population1172 Words   |  5 Pages The US Census Bureau projects that by the year 2030 more than 20 percent of the total US population will be of age 65 and over, compared to only 13 percent in 2010 and 9.8 percent in 1970 (Outreville, 2013). This population trend is believed to grow even more by the year 2060. Although the aging population is an important population trend to consider with healthcare as a whole, that is not the only one. The US is also projected to become a majority-minority nation for the first time by theRead MoreHealthcare Spending Essay 1741 Words   |  7 Pagesis financed is included. The second half of the paper will provide a forecast of the future economic needs of U.S. health care, why these needs must be addressed, and my opinion on how the finances will be covered. Health Care Expenditures Healthcare spending within the United States (U.S.) is continually rising. In 2011, U.S. health care spending increased 3.9%. The total for health care spending was $2.7 trillion; the largest amount spent in U.S. history. This figures out to approximatelyRead MoreThe Level Of Activity At The National Level Essay1366 Words   |  6 Pagesthe national level in regards to healthcare is currently very high. There are many healthcare policies, initiatives and trends that will affect the delivery of healthcare locally, nationally and globally in the future. Healthcare costs alone are rising due to emerging high end technologies, global pandemics (with increased international travel), and the continued increase in numbers of the aging population (which traditionally has shown a higher use of healthcare services). Protocols for medicalRead MoreThe Alliance For Healthcare Reform1371 Words   |  6 Pagescontinues as to whether or not America is really experiencing a healthcare workforce shortage. This debate continues to rage as commercial areas experience an overflow of healthcare professionals with the option to offer per diem employment to job seekers in these areas. However, rural areas continue to suffer from a lack of professional healthcare workers; specifically, those who specialize in specialist areas. The Alliance for Healthcare Reform (2011) has highlighted the following points as the factorsRead MoreImpact of the Aging Population on Healthcare1508 Words   |  7 Pagesdetermining the demand and supply of healthcare works and services that will be needed for a particular region. Certain trends in demographics have to be carefully monitored in order to forecast those changes that may be needed in certain areas based on changes. One change in demographics that can change of the type s of services being offered is the age of the population surrounding any healthcare facility or a particular region. The rate at which our population is aging is one of the most demographicRead MoreThe Ageing Population And Developments Within Canada Is Reaching Crisis Level1398 Words   |  6 PagesIntroduction The Ageing population in comparison to labor productivity and developments within Canada is reaching crisis level. Population analysts have explained that Canada needs an immediate overhaul of its migration policy to be able to contain the looming crisis caused by the ageing generations (Gazer, 2016). Currently it is estimated by 2021; approximately more than 17% of the total Canadian population will be over 65 years of age. Gazer (2016) explains that this represents an approximate 7Read MoreHealthcare Financing For An Aging American Population1426 Words   |  6 Pages Healthcare financing for an Aging American population Introduction The following research paper discusses the healthcare financing for an aging American Population. In the discussion, it addresses both the negative and positive perspective of the healthcare financing of this particular population as well as personal position and thoughts. Overview of Aging and Health Care Financing in U.S Just like other parts of the world, the United States is no exceptional, it is an aging society. Between theRead MoreDemographics And Diseases Trends May Influence The Delivery Of Health Care Services1701 Words   |  7 Pagesinfluence the Delivery of Health Care Services.† Starting with the age group population in the United States at ten to twenty years, then obesity, and then the future to adapt to the health care services. However, the factors that can identify are the environment support and change of trends. In the passage, the writer will talk about aging obesity, and the future of the health care provided. The common diseases examples that will be listed and the aging, obesity, and the delivery of healthcare servicesRead MoreThe Population Profile Of Australia1396 Words   |  6 PagesThe population profile of Australia has created impacting changes to how health care in Australia is to be delivered in the near future (Charlesworth, 2015). High rates of obesity, diabetes, heart diseases and poor life style choices such as smoking, alcohol and substance abuse, add to an existing crisis that imposes more pressure on an overworked healthcare system (Willcox, 2014). Future challenges for health industry leaders are to develop strategies, for delivery of inclusive and accessible

Tuesday, May 12, 2020

President Lyndon B. Johnson s Great Society - 1248 Words

-War on Poverty As part of president Lyndon B. Johnson’s â€Å"Great Society†, which focused on improving the quality of life among all Americans, he initiated the War on Poverty during the 1960s. The War on Poverty was built by using government funding to improve poverty-stricken areas of the country and to start â€Å"...a new food stamp program, giving poor people greater choice in obtaining food, and rent supplements that provided alternatives to public housing projects for some poor families.(Roark, Pg.936). Johnson also focused in improving education for children and also job training for adults. In addition, two major programs were produced after The War on Poverty was established, which were Medicare and Medicaid. These programs helped†¦show more content†¦As Malcolm X continued to encourage individual black power, his ideology gained many followers, especially amongst poor African American city folk. Eventually, Malcolm X’s ideas were being adopted by major c ivil rights groups such as SNCC and CORE. Overall, Malcolm X was significant for his contributions to the civil rights movement by preaching about black nationalism. (Roark, Pg.946) - AIM AIM, or American Indian Movement, was established by two Native Americans, Dennis Banks and George Mitchell, in order to resolve issues in urban areas where Native Americans lived and â€Å"...protect Indians from police harassment, secure antipoverty funds, and establish ‘survival schools’ to teach Indian history and values.†(Roark, Pg.947). Influenced by the countless civil rights movements occurring in 1960s America, Native Americans saw this as an opportunity to reclaim their natural rights and heritage as they once had before Europeans had civilized the United States. AIM sought justice for their cause through occupying land that their ancestors had previously owned and taking their complaints to the government. Eventually, the efforts of AIM payed off and Native Americans â€Å"...won the end of relocation and termination policies, greater tribal sovereignty and control over community services, protection of Indian religious practices, and a measure of res pect and pride.†(Roark, Pg. 948). AIM was historically significant since the movement

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Nike Sweatshop Free Essays

Trust Nikkei Inc. , the sports apparel multinational company has been under suspicion and scrutiny for their practice of the unfair treatment and negligent labor habits In their offshore factories. They have been criticized for human rights abuse, child labor law violations, as well as minimum wages and trade union relations violations within a number of Asian countries. We will write a custom essay sample on Nike Sweatshop or any similar topic only for you Order Now They subsequently misguided the public in an attempt to make one believe there is no substance to the allegations of their involvement. The abusive and exploitative treatment and working conditions In these factories has been touted as Inhumane In nature as well as an Implored violation of worker’s human rights (Figure 1). Some of the most common abuses being Imposed upon their workers were insufficient pay (Figure 2), inferior and hazardous working conditions, below standard living conditions and long grueling hours away from their families and home. In 2000 more than 11,000 sweatshops violated minimum wage and overtime laws. This type of behavior brings to question their ability to gain trust thin their company amongst their employees, their investors, and the public. This hinges on one aspect of Interpersonal behavior found In Nine’s sweatshops. By definition, trust is a culture of transparent communication which forms a foundation for building relationships. A sense of safety and the level of comfort when it comes to interpersonal interaction; this pervades a workplace that should developed and nurture a culture of trust (About. Com). NIKKEI Inc. Pays Tiger Woods enough money that he could purchase a house In the slums of Indonesia every second, while it pays heir factory workers low wages. It takes a worker In Indonesia work roughly 9. 5 years to make what Tiger makes In one round of golf Figure 3 shows the hourly wage for a Nikkei factory worker in Indonesia is $0. 34 an hour, which comes up to roughly $23. 80 a week per worker. This barely gives workers enough wages to cover their daily needs , versus $925. 00 per week for a comparable job in the United States. From an equity theory stance, this could lead to mistrust for Nine’s underpaid workers. Nine’s blatant unwillingness early on to be fair and Just In establishing equal pay for equal ark clearly would give their workers a sense of mistrust by taking advantage of not only the economic hardships within the country In which they’ve set up shop: but also by underrepresented what would be considered a â€Å"fair† wage if Nine’s factory had been established in the United States. According to Greenberg the equity theory states, â€Å"People are motivated to maintain, equitable relationships between themselves and others and to avoid those relationships that are inequitable†. According to an AM Broadcast (201 3), unions In Indonesia say at least six Nikkei- contracted factories have applied to be exempt from paying an Increases to the minimum wage rate. According to Jim Keyed, founder of Educating for Justice, â€Å"this is a clear violation of Nine’s code of conduct and in a more general sense; the minimum wage is a poverty wage alone. To pay less than the minimum wage I Just think absolutely runs counter to Nine’s public claims that they care about the welfare of their workers and they want to see them have decent lives. Nikkei has also been accused of using deplorable tactics and coercion to force workers to produce Nine’s defiant workers. If an employee doesn’t do what is asked of them, they are whipped, eaten, killed, threatened at gun point, and subjected to search and seizure tactics within their homes. In any environment, work related or otherwise, where there is such brutality, an employee’s emotional state and lack of positive motivation invites vulnerability, both internal as well as externally prohibiting those involved in any attempt at establishing trust. Typical in any relationship, as it applies to working conditions, when one person perceives that management and/or the organization does not place a vested interest in their wellbeing equal to the organization itself, there is breach in confidence and trust. Corporate Responsibility: The pyramid of corporate social responsibility is composed of four types of responsibilities: Philanthropic, Ethical, Legal and Financial. According to Greenberg, â€Å"To be socially responsible, companies must meet the four types of responsibilities (2013). Nikkei has portrayed its sweatshop allegations as more of a crime against public relations rather than face that they’ve violated the factory workers’ human rights. Their strategic decision has been to mislead the public. They have avoided addressing key issues regarding wages, forced overtime and suppression of workers’ eight to freedom of association. This has led credence to civil and human rights groups to be Justifiably correct in treating Nikkei with suspicion. NIKKEI, Inc. ‘s code of ethics for all employees called, Inside the Lines, addresses the expectations of Nines’ employees. It clearly defines the expectations of its employees to follow and include a range of topics regarding: employee activity, ethical behavior, product safety, legal compliance, competition and use of resources. Nine’s code of conduct specifically addresses and places emphasis on the conduct of contractors that manufacture Nikkei-branded products. It directs them to respect the rights of their employees and promises to provide workers with a safe and healthy work environment. Nine’s code of conduct states, â€Å"Nine’s good name and reputation result in large part from our collective actions. That means the work-related activities of every employee must reflect standards of honesty, loyalty, trustworthiness, fairness, concern for others and accountability. We are expected to be sensitive to any situations that can adversely impact Nine’s reputation and are expected to use good Judgment and common sense in the way we all conduct business. This Code of Ethics applies to Nikkei and its subsidiaries worldwide† (Nikkei, 2009). Yet, Nine’s actions go completely against their policy regarding ethics and conduct. A clear violation of trust, as well as under- minding the responsibility of a reputable corporation to do what is morally and ethically right. It wasn’t until the brutal working conditions, and intimidation tactics against these factory workers were exposed and Nine’s corporate image was at stake. Price Waterholes Coopers (PWS), an independent monitoring firm hired by NIKKEI Inc to conduct interviews and surveys of the overseas factories. The interviews with Nine’s factory workers lasted approximately 7 to 10 minutes each. The venue in which the interviews were conducted were not in a private setting where workers could express themselves openly, which was intimidating at best. In 1999, a worker in an Indonesia factory stated, that PWS or NIKKEI interviewed three line workers, the supervisors knew who the workers were and approached them after the interview to try to discover what they had disclosed. Clear violation of trust, workers could not workers to express themselves without reprisal. As you can see in the chart labeled Figure 4, Nikkei revenue sales were impact after the Nikkei scandal broke. While it appears revenue sales are beginning to incline there was a definite dip, which more than likely can be attributed to the scandal regarding Nine’s business practices and treatment toward factory workers abroad as opposed to that of workers in the United States. NIKKEI sales are on the rise due to endorsements form Derek Jester ( New York Yankees), Eddie Jones (Miami Heat), Vince Carter (Toronto Raptors) and of course, Michael Jordan. Also, they have almost fixed the labor problems worldwide that have bothered them for years. Therefore, Nikkei is moving in the right direction to regain corporate social trust. Recommendations: Build Trust Improve Corporate Responsibility From an ethical and corporate responsibility standpoint Nikkei should understand that they have obligation not only to their employees but to consumers as well to live up to the ethos they embody. Building trust amongst and commitment amongst their employees is vital to improving their corporate image. Enhancing their social image could attract more customers and investors, therefore provide positive benefits while creating a working environment that where employees feel safe, expected and valued will promote productivity and positive cash flow for the company. For example, to improve its public image, Nikkei could do the following: Establish a team to perform audits or inspection of facilities. Actively invest in the education of their overseas workers and/or their children to ensure they are taught valuable skills to better themselves. Offer opportunities for upward mobility. Create scholarships for the children of these families who have demonstrated the want to better themselves (this will do wonders to build credibility between Nikkei and the employee). Provide better health care for offshore workers possibly for a minimal fee so that the coverage is equivalent to that which is offered to their counter parts in the United States. Directly invest money into the surrounding communities (this will foster a sense of goodwill as well as increasing the number of qualified applicants for positions that need to be filled). Connect employees to financial services that can aid in providing relief and resources to help with obtaining adequate and habitable housing. Establish partnerships with non-profit organizations that promote the embodiment of humanity. Would do well to implement lessons learned or post- assessment process to address or curtail future issues before they get out of hand. Conduct forums which allow for the exchanging of ideas between the workers and management (this will create a sense of commitment and belonging). Ensure that a percentage of the supervisors and managers come from the host nation (this should help to establish trust and alleviate cultural tension). Nikkei has a corporate responsibility to all stakeholders. Engaging in one or more of these suggestions could position them well on their way to be viewed as a company that cares for its rockers, appreciates its customers, respects its shareholders and its workers, as well as, is committed to society. The majority of the recommendations listed here are feasible. It will require NIKKEI to invest in its employees. How to cite Nike Sweatshop, Papers

Friday, May 1, 2020

Production Planning for Operational -

Question: Discuss about theProduction Planningfor Operational Management. Answer: Introduction The paper reflects on production planning in context to operational management in order to analyze its importance. According to Salomon (2013) production planning is defined as a procedure that is utilized for planning both productions as well as manufacturing modules within a company. Production planning is generally integrated within an organization for achieving efficient, effective as well as economical operation within the manufacturing unit. However, production planning also has several challenges, which must be resolved for having effective operation within an organization (Fitouhi and Nourelfath 2014). The problems include product cutback scheduling problem, process mix problem, basic scheduling problem and more. The main objective of this paper is to reflect the importance of production planning in relation with operational management and to elaborate the processes that are helpful in resolving the challenges for acquiring proper production management within an organization. In this assignment, various literatures are reviewed for elaborating the significance of production planning in context to operations management. The paper highlights the problem that production planning mainly faces and the procedures that are helpful in resolving the challenges by utilizing proper production management. Literature Review According to Gould et al. (2016) Production Planning is defined as a process that helps in fixing the goals of production for estimating the resources which are needed for achieving the goals of the organization. It helps in preparing a detailed plan, which is generally needed in order to achieve the goals of production efficiently, economically, as well as in time. It generally helps in forecasting each of the steps that is associated with the production process. It also assists in forecasting the challenges that generally rises in the production procedure. On the other hand, it is stated by Wang and Yeh (2014) operations management mainly involves in designing, controlling as well as overseeing the procedures of production in order to redesign business operations for producing proper goods and services. It is identified that the function of operations management generally varies with the purposes as well as objectives of the organization. Importance of Production Planning and Operations Management It is stated by Gong and Zhou (2013) that production is referred as a scientific procedure that is generally involves transformation of various types of raw material into appropriate products as well as services by adding appropriate economic value. Production planning as well as control system is generally integrated for effective, efficient as well as for achieving economical operations within the organization. On the other hand, it is opined by Zmijewski, Bottacin and Worman (2016) that production planning generally follows certain adoptions for product designing as well as finalizing. It is analyzed that before the actual procedure of production takes place, the activity of production planning is performed. It assists in determining proper sequence of operations, economic batch quantities, dispatching proper priorities and scheduling appropriate production. It is also considered as a coordinating agent, which assists in co-coordinating various activities of purchasing, production as well as engineering (Esteban Diaz and Handl 2015). It is identified that proper production planning system is quite helpful in providing better as well as much more economical towards the customers. The importance of production planning include better service to the customers, fewer rush orders, better control of inventory, effective use of equipment, reduces idle time, helps in improving the plant morale, assists in creating proper public image and also helps in lowering the capital requirements. According to Da Peidro and Mula (2015), Operation management generally refers to the administration of business practices for creating highest level of efficiency within a business organization. It mainly helps in converting raw materials as well as labor into proper goods and services effectively for maximizing the profit of an organization. Operations management generally take the attempt to balance both cost as well as revenue for achieving proper amount of profit. On the other hand, it is stated by Sucic et al.(2016) that operation management helps in identifying various needs of the customer in order to convert it properly into specific product or services. It is analyzed that depending on product requirement, it generally helps in identifying various required raw materials (Esteban and Handl 2015). The operations management also helps in engaging with both external as well as internal vendors for creating proper supply chain for both finished goods as well as raw material betwe en vendor, customers as well as production facility. Challenges Faced by Production Planning Production planning faces number of challenges which include loading, process planning, as well as scheduling. According to Mohammadi, Soleymani and Mozafari (2014), once the route of work is created then the work that is needed can be loaded with the help of proper selected machine as well as workstations. The total time that is needed for performing the entire operation is generally computed with the help of multiplication. On the other hand, it is opined by Parisio and Glielmo (2013) that scheduling is considered as one of the main functions of planning which helps in determining the duration of time that is needed in order to complete the task. Other key factor that generally helps in affecting the production planning include forecasting the expectations of the market, inventory control, availability of human resource as well as proper equipment, Processes for Resolving the Challenges of Production Planning It is analyzed that the most common problem that production planning faces is related with scheduling. It is identified that the problem of scheduling can be resolved by adopting some important steps. According to Li, Li and Feng (2014), the nature of shift that is used in organization is volatile and each of the staff brings their schedule as well as list of day when they are unable to work. In order to resolve the problem, juggling shifts is considered as one of the important step. On the other hand, it is stated by Esteban and Handl (2015) that employee availability is very much important this is because in the absence of an individual it is very much difficult to replace other individual. It is opined by Gong and Zhou (2013), that proper times between rotations are very much important. It is analyzed that it is considered as one of the best practice to have at least 12 hours gap between shifts. The other problems that are associated with production planning can be resolved by ado pting proper strategies. Evaluation According to (Fitouhi and Nourelfath 2014), predicting proper future of production planning is very much difficult. It is analyzed that technology plays an important role in the manufacturing unit in the coming future but it creates number of controversies among people. One of the most important ways that reflects that thing will change is with the help of automation. It is identified that number of facilities are helpful in upgrading the line of production with proper equipments that helps in producing improper involvement of the employees. On the other hand, it is stated by that programmable machines are generally utilized for producing numerous types of products which helps in providing excellent choices for both the laborers as well as domestic manufactures (Esteban and Handl 2015). As this type of innovation rises up noticeably less expensive as well as more available, manufacturing plants are generally dependent on these mixes of robots and PC. This helped machines to deliver differing products with high effectiveness. It is stated by Gong and Zhou (2013) that rather than having physically deciding arrangements, programming will have the capacity to complete it in a second and then transmit that calendar straightforwardly to the machines that are on the manufacturing plant floor. Productions lines will change for delivering diverse items without the impedance of human personnel. It will likewise have the capacity to robotize dispatching and sorting capacities. It is opined by Parisio and Glielmo (2013) that the capability of changing over product can also mean that more products are generally customized for meeting various demands of the customers. For example, rather than picking among a few pre-selected paint colors, an auto purchaser would be able to make their new auto's exceptional shade. Software will have the capacity to take that request and straightforwardly modify the sprayer machine on the industrial facility floor to coordinate the client's demand. It is analyzed that it also requires proper software system that is incapable of controlling the facility of the equipment. The software need is very much helpful in precisely controlling of the factory Zmijewski, Bottacin and Worman 2016). The capacity to change over generation rapidly implies that numerous more items will have the capacity to be modified to take care of individual client demand. It is also identified that automation will never again be important to track tremendous quantities of representatives, yet planning support and imperatives will turn out to be basically essential for an organization to control expenses and remain aggressive. Conclusions It can be concluded from the overall assignment that production planning plays an important role in managing various operations of the organization. Production planning is generally integrated within an organization for achieving efficient, effective as well as economical operation within the manufacturing unit. However, production planning also has several challenges, which must be resolved for having effective operation within an organization. The problems include product cutback scheduling problem, process mix problem, basic scheduling problem and more. The problems that are related with production planning can solved be adopting strategies factor that generally helps in affecting the production planning include forecasting the expectations of the market, inventory control, availability of human resource as well as proper equipment. It is analyzed that that nature of shift that is used in organization is volatile and each of the staff brings their schedule as well as list of day w hen they are unable to work. In order to resolve the problem, juggling shifts is considered. References Daz-Madroero, M., Peidro, D. and Mula, J., 2015. A review of tactical optimization models for integrated production and transport routing planning decisions.Computers Industrial Engineering,88, pp.518-535. Esteban Diaz, J. and Handl, J., 2015. Implicit and Explicit Averaging Strategies for Simulation-Based Optimization of a Real-World Production Planning Problem.Informatica (03505596),39(2). Esteban Diaz, J. and Handl, J., 2015. Implicit and Explicit Averaging Strategies for Simulation-Based Optimization of a Real-World Production Planning Problem.Informatica (03505596),39(2). Fitouhi, M.C. and Nourelfath, M., 2014. Integrating noncyclical preventive maintenance scheduling and production planning for multi-state systems.Reliability Engineering System Safety,121, pp.175-186. Gong, X. and Zhou, S.X., 2013. Optimal production planning with emissions trading.Operations Research,61(4), pp.908-924. Gould, O., Simeone, A., Colwill, J., Willey, R. and Rahimifard, S., 2016. A material flow modelling tool for resource efficient production planning in multi-product manufacturing systems.Procedia CIRP,41, pp.21-26. Li, C.B., Li, P. and Feng, X., 2014. Analysis of wind power generation operation management risk in China.Renewable Energy,64, pp.266-275. Mohammadi, S., Soleymani, S. and Mozafari, B., 2014. Scenario-based stochastic operation management of microgrid including wind, photovoltaic, micro-turbine, fuel cell and energy storage devices.International Journal of Electrical Power Energy Systems,54, pp.525-535 Parisio, A. and Glielmo, L., 2013, July. Stochastic model predictive control for economic/environmental operation management of microgrids. InControl Conference (ECC), 2013 European(pp. 2014-2019). IEEE. Salomon, M., 2013.Deterministic lotsizing models for production planning(Vol. 355). Springer Science Business Media. Salomon, M., 2013.Deterministic lotsizing models for production planning(Vol. 355). Springer Science Business Media. Sucic, B., Al-Mansour, F., Pusnik, M. and Vuk, T., 2016. Context sensitive production planning and energy management approach in energy intensive industries.Energy,108, pp.63-73. Wang, S.C. and Yeh, M.F., 2014. A modified particle swarm optimization for aggregate production planning.Expert Systems with Applications,41(6), pp.3069-3077 Zmijewski, N., Bottacin-Busolin, A. and Wrman, A., 2016. Incorporating hydrologic routing into reservoir operation models: Implications for hydropower production planning.Water resources management,30(2), pp.623-640.

Sunday, March 22, 2020

7 Reasons to Enroll a Child in an Online Elementary School

7 Reasons to Enroll a Child in an Online Elementary School Every year, hundreds of parents pull their kids out of traditional schools and enroll them in virtual programs. How do online elementary schools benefit children and their families? Why are parents so eager to remove their kids from the system that has worked for decades? Here are some of the most common reasons: 1. An online school gives kids the freedom to work on developing their passions. Two decades ago, primary school children were given little no homework. Now, students often return from school with hours of worksheets, drills, and assignments to complete. Many parents complain that students aren’t given the opportunity to focus on their own talents: learning an instrument, experimenting with science, or mastering a sport. Parents of online students often find that students are able to complete their assignments faster when they don’t have the distraction of peers to hold them back. Many online students are able to finish their coursework in the early afternoon, leaving many hours for kids to develop their own passions.​ 2. Online schools allow kids to get away from bad situations. Difficult situations with bullying, bad teaching, or a questionable curriculum may make school a struggle. Parents certainly don’t want to teach their kids to run away from a bad situation. However, some parents find that enrolling their child in an online school can be good for both their learning and their emotional health. 3. Families are able to spend more time together after enrolling their kids in online school. Hours of class, after-school tutoring, and extracurricular activities are leaving many families with no time to spend together (aside from homework tantrums). Online schooling lets kids complete their studies and still spend quality time with their loved ones. 4. Many online schools help kids work at their own pace. One of the drawbacks of traditional classrooms is that teachers must design their instruction to meet the needs of the students in the center. If your child is struggling to understand a concept, he may be left behind. Likewise, if your child is unchallenged, he may have to sit bored and uninspired for hours while the rest of the class catches up. Not all online schools let students work at their own pace, but a growing number provide students with the flexibility to get extra help when they need it or move ahead when they don’t. 5. Online schools help students to develop independence. By their nature, online schools require students to develop the independence to work on their own and the responsibility to complete assignments by the deadline. Not all students are up for the challenge, but kids that develop these skills will be better prepared for completing further education and joining the workforce. 6. Online schools help students develop technology skills. Technology skills are essential in almost every field and there’s no way for students to learn online without developing at least some of these essential abilities. Online learners tend to become proficient with internet communication, learning management programs, word processors, and online conferencing. 7. Families have a greater educational choice when they are able to consider online schools. Many families feel like they are stuck with few educational options. There may be only a handful of public and private schools within driving distance (or, for rural families, there may only be a single school). Online schools open up an entirely new set of choices for concerned parents. Families can choose from state-run online schools, more independent virtual charter schools, and online private schools. There are schools designed for young actors, gifted learners, struggling students, and more. Not all schools will break the bank, either. Publicly-funded online schools allow students to learn without charge. They may even provide resources like laptop computers, learning supplies, and internet access.

Thursday, March 5, 2020

Phoenix program essays

Phoenix program essays The above stated quote is a direct definition of the Central Intelligence Agencies Phoenix Program. The Phoenix Program was one of our nations dirty secrets that still has not been fully uncovered. Yes there is declassified written information, and oral accounts but there is still much information that has been either destroyed, or people who have been directly told not to say a word about the events that happened during the time period of the Phoenix Program. It was a program that many people feel was wrong to impliment but I feel that it was necessary. The Vietnam Conflict was meant to be a conventional conflict but in times of need you must become unconvetional and become primative, and strike at the source of the enemy, not the Viet Cong or the North Vietnam Army but the people who supported them the Viet Cong Infrastructure. These people were the tax collectors, and the recruitors. With these people being taking prisoner, or being killed. These things were killings that n eeded to happen in order to destroy the enemy at the heart of there operations. Many Americans believe that this was wrong killing civilians and that it was against the Geneva Conventions but it was a necessary operation. I firmly belive that if the Phoenix Program was able to have been kept in total seceracy it could have changed the total outcome of the Vietnam Conflict. In this paper I will show evidence of how the Phoenix Program worked, its infrastructure, and the death of the Phoenix Program. ...

Tuesday, February 18, 2020

The environmental impacts of Los Angeles Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 words

The environmental impacts of Los Angeles - Essay Example The environmental impacts of Los Angeles Los Angeles is one of the most densely polluted countries of the world. Pollution has literally damaged the entire city in such a way that its impact is very obvious. Tourism is an essential part of Los Angeles economy. Los Angeles is one of those countries that are a major tourist attraction; Los Angeles has the honor of housing the home of all legendary actors that is Hollywood. From amazing shopping malls to Hollywood and an amazing blend of various restaurants, Los Angeles offers everything that a tourist wants during vacations. While travelling the quality and the atmosphere of the environment go hand in hand. The environment is made up of natural as well as manmade things which together build up the tourism in a state. The relation between tourism and environment tends to get very tangling at times. The effects of tourism are very controversial. At times they can be helpful in generating revenue for the state resulting in a fruitful economy and on the contrary it can damage and dent the citys environmental condition resulting in a disaster which can damage countries natural resources. Tourism leads to the development of the place with the construction of roads, parks, malls, resorts, restaurants, hotel, golf courses, and airports etc. which eventually build up the infrastructure of a place. "The notion of a tourism system is extremely important when we start to consider the notion of impacts.